Department of Biology; Croucher Institute for Environmental Sciences
Waste projection informs waste policy making and is an indispensable process in waste management planning. Between the two major methodological approaches in forecasting MSW generation, the time-series approach uses past data and their distribution to determine future waste trends. The factor model on the other hand explains and predicts waste arisings with explanatory variables such as socio-economic factors of the waste generators. This latter approach not just aims at making predictions on waste quantities, it also aims at unveiling hypothetical causal relationships between factors for the prediction of waste arisings. Thus, it is more sophisticated and intellectually sound. In this study, results of previous waste projections conducted by Hong Kong's environmental authority on domestic, commercial and industrial waste growth are verified against actual waste data for determining the accuracy of these predictions. In addition, using the MSW data from 1979 to 2007 as the reference paths, two autoregression models, a factor-model based technique, were developed to simulate commercial, industrial and domestic waste disposal for the period 2008–2036 for Hong Kong SAR. While the use of multiple factor autoregression model appears to have rectified the overestimation tendency of classical linear regression model, a number of empirical and data constraints which are also typical of other factor-model based techniques are encountered.
Resources, Conservation and Recycling
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Municipal solid waste, Waste projection, Classical linear regression, Autoregression, Factor models, Time series models
Chung, Shan Shan. "Projecting municipal solid waste: The case of Hong Kong SAR." Resources, Conservation and Recycling 54.11 (2010): 759-768.