Ionic liquid-functionalized carbon nanoparticles-modified cathode for efficiency enhancement in polymer solar cells

Xiaohong Chen
Jiaxiang Yang
Jiong Lu
Kiran Kumar Manga
Kian Ping Loh
Furong Zhu, Hong Kong Baptist University

Abstract

The power conversion efficiency (PCE) of regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and {6,6}-phenyl C61-butyric acid methylester (PCBM)-based polymer solar cells was increased using an ionic liquid-functionalized carbon nanoparticles (ILCNs) thin film-modified cathode. The PCE of P3HT:PCBM based-polymer solar cells with a conventional aluminum (Al)-only cathode was increased by 20%–30% when the identical devices were made with an ILCNs-modified Al cathode, but its PCE was 10% lower than that of devices with LiF/Al cathode, measured under AM1.5G illumination of 100 mW/cm2. The ILCN interlayer approach, however, offers practical advantages to LiF in terms of its solution-processability, which is compatible with low cost, large area, and flexible solar cell fabrication.