Department of Communication Studies
Purpose ― Based on Tobin et al.’s (2010) gender self-socialization model (GSSM), a focus group study was conducted to examine how Chinese adolescent girls and boys interpret female images in gendered advertisements.
Design/methodology/approach ― Forty-eight Hong Kong adolescents studying in high schools or university year one participated in a focus group study. Four advertisements with different types of female images were presented. Interviewees were asked to discuss the appearance, the personality, and the work and family life of the female characters in the advertisements. Interviewers then asked them to select the one most closely representing their ideal female image.
Findings ― Most of the interviewees chose an urban sophisticate as the character closest to their ideal female image. Female interviewees identified with the urban sophisticate and aspired to the cultured nurturer image. However, they rejected the strong woman and the “flower vase” female images.
Research limitations ― The generalizability of the findings was limited because of the small sample size and non-probability sampling.
Marketing implication ― When targeting adolescents, advertisers should consider using female images displaying a personality that is neither too strong nor too weak.
Originality/value ― This is the first study to investigate how Hong Kong adolescents interpret female images from gendered advertisements. This study also clarifies the gender concepts to explain how adolescents perceive gendered ads.
Emerald Group Publishing Limited
First Page (page number)
Last Page (page number)
Link to Publisher’s Edition
Gender roles, Advertising effect, Qualitative study, Consumer perception
Ng, Yu Leung, and Kara Chan. "Interpretation of female images in advertising among Chinese adolescents." Young Consumers 16.2 (2015): 222-234.