Year of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


School of Chinese Medicine.

Principal Supervisor

Li, Min


Formulae, receipts, prescriptions;Gastrodia elata;Medicine, Chinese;Parkinson's disease;Therapeutic use;Treatment;Uncaria




Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disease affecting 2% of the population over 65 years old that lacks effective cure. The current available treatments for PD are largely symptomatic and palliative. Tianma Gouteng Yin (TGY) is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula belongs to the formulas that dispel wind. Nowadays, it has been a commonly prescribed formula to treat Parkinsonian-like symptoms such as tremor and paralysis in some of the patients. However, just as most of the TCM formula, the material basis and the underlying pharmacological effects of TGY are still lacking experimental evidence. In this study, a method using UHPLC/Q-TOF-MS and HPLC-ELSD has been developed and successfully applied to qualitatively and quantitatively determine the complex phytochemicals of TGY. Totally 28 phytochemicals were identified, of which 20 were simultaneously quantified. The material basis profile of TGY decoction was delineated for the first time. After full component analysis of TGY, the neuroprotective activity of TGY was verified both in vivo and in vitro. In Drosophila PD models, TGY mitigated rotenone induced toxicity and promoted α-synuclein clearance. In stereotaxic rotenone intoxication rats, TGY exerted neuroprotective effects in terms of preventing dopaminergic neurons loss and alleviating neuroinflammation. TGY alleviated rotenone induced apoptosis in SH-SY5Y cells. Furthermore, we discovered that Geniposide, an important component of TGY, is an autophagy inducer both in vivo and in vitro and is neuroprotective in transgenic Drosophila PD model. In general, our study proves that TGY is neuroprotective in PD models. In addition to the efficacy study, safety of TGY application in terms of TGY-drug interaction was also evaluated. In our study, herb-drug interactions between TGY and one of the most popular drugs used in PD treatment, Sinemet, were studied. The pharmacokinetics data showed that co-administration of TGY could suppress the absorption of Levodopa, the main component of Sinemet, for the first time. This information suggest that in clinical practice, TGY should avoid been administrated with Levodopa containing medicaments at the same time. In conclusion, the data of this study provides valuable information on the material basis, efficacy and safety of TGY. This information is useful reference for the clinical application of TGY in PD treatment. Keywords: Tianma Gouteng Yin, Parkinson’s disease, Drosophila, Rotenone, -synuclein, Geniposide, Autophagy, Sinemet, Herb-drug interaction


Principal supervisor: Professor Li Min. ; Thesis submitted to the School of Chinese Medicine. ; Thesis (Ph.D.)--Hong Kong Baptist University, 2015


Includes bibliographical references (pages 123-158)

Available for download on Saturday, July 01, 2017

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