Year of Award

2016

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

歷史學系

Principal Supervisor

麥勁生

Keywords

唐文治(1865-1954).

Language

Chinese

Abstract

唐文治(1865-1954)的人生如按其事業,可分為兩段:前半生供職於清廷,官至署理農工商部尚書;後半生盡瘁於教育,分別主持交通大學及無錫國專。中國近代的歷史大事,如甲午戰爭、八國聯軍、辛亥革命、抗日戰爭等,唐文治皆親歷其中。 面對世變,唐文治出仕清廷時,公忠體國;執掌黌舍時,用心校務;後來即使失明,依然著述不斷。在抗日戰爭,兵兇戰危之下,不但講學不絶,而且熱心救濟。其以中國文化為依歸,認為中國文化之精神具有永恆的價值,相信學問以道德修養與實踐為主,上承桐城派之餘韻,致力講授文學,用以明道,引領後學。 唐文治一生注重道德修養與實踐,然而前人對此闡釋實有不足。唐文治日後的舉措,例如致力教授文學、棄官從教、對中國學術之詮釋,及其個人之行為等,都與這思想息息相關。在轉型之時代,唐文治一生堅守及傳播這價值,但並非一成不變,而是根據情況而作出適當的調適。今人研究唐文治,沿著其人生軌跡,既可體味中國文化之價值、並領悟教授中國文化之方法。 簡之,本文之意義有二:一是通過析述唐文治的生平與思想,指出其重視道德修養與實踐,並認為這既是中國文化之精粹,又是不同文化之間的共性,具有普遍意義。唐文治的事業、對中國學術之闡釋與其行事準則,皆圍繞這宗旨而展開。這點鮮有前人論及,卻是理解唐文治的關鍵。二是指出唐文治通過事業、講學、著述和躬行等不同方面來貫徹其思想,突顯在世變之下,中國文化在近代分崩離析之時,唐文治如何堅守並發揚中國文化之價值。唐文治其人、其思想與其事跡,是研究近代中國文化發展的佳例一位深信中國文化價值的儒者,如何孜孜不倦地實踐、詮釋及傳播這價值,由此展現一條發揚中國文化的途徑,對於當今的中國文化發展,有著借鑒和啟迪的意義。 本文以唐文治的事業、講學和躬行三方面為重心,全文分為九章:第一章“前言,從問題緣起、研究回顧、研究意義、史料與論文架構交代全文佈局。第二章“唐文治生平略,概括唐文治的生平,突顯其身處之環境和關心之大事。第三章“藏器與出仕,講述唐文治思想之奠定經過,走上學而優則仕的路途與出仕歷經。第四章“棄官從教,針對現行研究,指出唐文治棄官從教的原因還與其對中學危機的洞察、出洋考察與商部經歷有關。第五章“因文見道,講述唐文治借用桐城派之緣由以及其以聲養德的體系。第六章“實業人才工業專門學校,析述唐文治為工業專門學校設計的專業和配套,希望培育道德、實業、體格三者兼備的人才,突顯儒者之謀劃。第七章“守先待後無錫國專,指出在中國文化備受批評的情況下,唐文治決定出掌無錫國專,重塑文武傳統,又因應環境,因時制宜,展現儒者多方靈活的一面。第八章“躬行實踐,突顯唐文治言傳身教所展現的人格魅力,儒學的意義與價值由此而見。第九章“結論,對唐文治的人生與思想作出整體評價。 Deeply devoted to his work and career, the life of Tang Wenzhi is summarized under this context into two phases: the first half of his efforts and service to the Qing court where he held high official ranks and at his prime, served as deputy minister of the Agriculture, Industry and Commerce Department; the second half sketches Tang as an education aficionado during his time at the Jiaotong University and the Wuxi Academy (Wuxi Guozhuan). Born in an era of tremendous changes, Tang witnessed various historical junctions of modern China from the Sino-Japanese War to the 1911 Revolution and the Second Sino-Japanese War. As China plunged into political turmoil and encountered future uncertainties, Tang clung unto his faith of Confucian ideals. Before 1911, he carried out whole-heartedly his official duties; after the birth of the Republic, he facilitated education reform during his tenure as Principal of Jiaotong University and Wuxi Academy, fu.

Comments

指導老師: 麥勁生;硏究論文呈交歷史系 ; 論文(哲學博士)--香港浸會大學, 2016. ; Abstract also in English.

Bibliography

Includes bibliographical references (pages 294-306)

Copyright

The author retains all rights to this work. The author has signed an agreement granting HKBU a non-exclusive license to archive and distribute their thesis.

Available for download on Friday, July 28, 2017


Share

COinS