Department of Mathematics
Towards the global solution of the maximal correlation problem
The maximal correlation problem (MCP) aiming at optimizing correlation between sets of variables plays a very important role in many areas of statistical applications. Currently, algorithms for the general MCP stop at solutions of the multivariate eigenvalue problem for a related matrix A, which serves as a necessary condition for the global solutions of the MCP. However, the reliability of the statistical prediction in applications relies greatly on the global maximizer of the MCP, and would be significantly impacted if the solution found is a local maximizer. Towards the global solution of the MCP, we have obtained four results in the present paper. First, the sufficient and necessary condition for global optimality of the MCP when A is a positive matrix is extended to the nonnegative case. Secondly, the uniqueness of the multivariate eigenvalues in the global maxima of the MCP is proved either when there are only two sets of variables involved, or when A is nonnegative. The uniqueness of the global maximizer of the MCP for the nonnegative irreducible case is also proved. These theoretical achievements lead to our third result that if A is a nonnegative irreducible matrix, both the Horst-Jacobi algorithm and the Gauss-Seidel algorithm converge globally to the global maximizer of the MCP. Lastly, some new estimates of the multivariate eigenvalues related to the global maxima are obtained. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
Canonical correlation, Gauss-Seidel method, Global maximizer, Maximal correlation problem, Multivariate eigenvalue problem, Multivariate statistics, Nonnegative irreducible matrix, Power method
Source Publication Title
Journal of Global Optimization
Zhang, Lei-Hong, Li-Zhi Liao, and Li-Ming Sun. "Towards the global solution of the maximal correlation problem." Journal of Global Optimization 49.1 (2011): 91-107.