Document Type

Journal Article

Department/Unit

Department of Biology

Title

Modulatory effects and action mechanisms of tryptanthrin on murine myeloid leukemia cells

Language

English

Abstract

Leukemia is the disorder of hematopoietic cell development and is characterized by an uncoupling of cell proliferation and differentiation. There is a pressing need for the development of novel tactics for leukemia therapy as conventional treatments often have severe adverse side effects. Tryptanthrin (6, 12-dihydro-6, 12-dioxoindolo-(2, 1-b)-quinazoline) is a naturally-occurring, weakly basic alkaloid isolated from the dried roots of medicinal indigo plants (Ban-Lan-Gen). It has been reported to have various biological and pharmacological activities, including anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory and anti-tumor effects. However, its modulatory effects and action mechanisms on myeloid cells remain poorly understood. In this study, tryptanthrin was shown to suppress the proliferation of the murine myeloid leukemia WEHI-3B JCS cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. It also significantly reduced the growth of WEHI-3B JCS cells in vivo in syngeneic BALB/c mice. However, it exhibited no significant direct cytotoxicity on normal murine peritoneal macrophages. Flow cytometric analysis showed an obvious cell cycle arrest of the tryptanthrin-treated WEHI-3B JCS cells at the G0/G1 phase. The expression of cyclin D2, D3, Cdk 2, 4 and 6 genes in WEHI-3B JCS cells was found to be down-regulated at 24 h as measured by RT-PCR. Morphological and functional studies revealed that tryptanthrin could induce differentiation in WEHI-3B JCS cells, as shown by the increases in vacuolation, cellular granularity and NBT-reducing activity in tryptanthrin-treated cells. Collectively, our findings suggest that tryptanthrin might exert its anti-tumor effect on the murine myelomonocytic leukemia WEHI-3B JCS cells by causing cell cycle arrest and by triggering cell differentiation. © 2009 Chinese Society of Immunology and University of Science & Technology of China.

Keywords

Ban-Lan-Gen, Cell differentiation, Myeloid leukemia, Tryptanthrin

Publication Date

2009

Source Publication Title

Cellular and Molecular Immunology

Volume

6

Issue

5

Start Page

335

End Page

342

Publisher

Nature Publishing Group

DOI

10.1038/cmi.2009.44

Link to Publisher's Edition

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/cmi.2009.44

ISSN (print)

16727681

ISSN (electronic)

20420226

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