http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yexcr.2009.09.018">
 

Document Type

Journal Article

Department/Unit

Department of Biology

Title

Stanniocalcin-2 is a HIF-1 target gene that promotes cell proliferation in hypoxia

Language

English

Abstract

Stanniocalcin-2 (STC2), the paralog of STC1, has been suggested as a novel target of oxidative stress response to protect cells from apoptosis. The expression of STC2 has been reported to be highly correlated with human cancer development. In this study, we reported that STC2 is a HIF-1 target gene and is involved in the regulation of cell proliferation. STC2 was shown to be up-regulated in different breast and ovarian cancer cells, following exposure to hypoxia. Using ovarian cancer cells (SKOV3), the underlying mechanism of HIF-1 mediated STC2 gene transactivation was characterized. Hypoxia-induced STC2 expression was found to be HIF-1α dependent and required the recruitment of p300 and HDAC7. Using STC2 promoter deletion constructs and site-directed mutagenesis, two authentic consensus HIF-1 binding sites were identified. Under hypoxic condition, the silencing of STC2 reduced while the overexpression of STC2 increased the levels of phosphorylated retinoblastoma and cyclin D in both SKOV3 and MCF7 cells. The change in cell cycle proteins correlated with the data of the serial cell counts. The results indicated that cell proliferation was reduced in STC2-silenced cells but was increased in STC2-overexpressing hypoxic cells. Solid tumor progression is usually associated with hypoxia. The identification and functional analysis of STC2 up-regulation by hypoxia, a feature of the tumor microenvironment, sheds light on a possible role for STC2 in tumors. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Keywords

ChIP assay, HDAC7, p300, Promoter analysis, X-box binding protein

Publication Date

2010

Source Publication Title

Experimental Cell Research

Volume

316

Issue

3

Start Page

466

End Page

476

Publisher

Elsevier

ISSN (print)

00144827

ISSN (electronic)

10902422

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