http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.09.021">
 

Document Type

Journal Article

Department/Unit

Department of Chemistry

Title

Liu, Guorui ; Cai, Zongwei ; Zheng, MinghuiSources of unintentionally produced polychlorinated naphthalenes

Language

English

Abstract

The European Union has proposed that polychlorinated naphthalenes (PCNs) should be included in the annexes of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, signifying that there will be an increase in activities aimed at reducing PCN emissions. It has been speculated that the unintentional formation and emission of PCNs from industrial activities are the main current sources, because they have ceased to be manufactured as industrial chemicals in many countries. In this review, we provide a brief overview of recent progress in research into the unintentional formation and emission of PCNs from various industries that use thermal processes. The sampling and analysis of PCNs, and their formation mechanisms during thermal processes, are reviewed and discussed. The emission levels, emission profiles, and emission factors of PCNs from a number of industries that use thermal processes are summarized and compared, and this will provide helpful information for planning PCN source control measures and studying the source-receptor relationships of PCNs. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Keywords

Emission factors, Emission inventory, Emission profiles, Persistent organic pollutants, Polychlorinated naphthalenes

Publication Date

2014

Source Publication Title

Chemosphere

Volume

94

Start Page

1

End Page

12

Publisher

Elsevier

ISSN (print)

00456535

ISSN (electronic)

18791298

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