http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ymeth.2013.08.011">
 

Document Type

Journal Article

Department/Unit

Department of Chemistry

Title

Detection of 3′ → 5′ exonuclease activity using a metal-based luminescent switch-on probe

Language

English

Abstract

A luminescent iridium(III) complex has been discovered to be selective for G-quadruplex DNA, and was employed in a label-free G-quadruplex-based detection assay for 3'→5' exonuclease activity in aqueous solution. A proof-of-concept of this assay has been demonstrated by using prokaryotic exonuclease III (ExoIII) as a model enzyme. In this assay, a G-quadruplex-forming hairpin oligonucleotide (hairpin-G4 DNA, 5'-GAG3TG4AG3TG4A2GCAGA2G2ATA2CT2C4AC3TC4AC3TC-3') initially exists in a duplex conformation, resulting in a low luminescence signal due to the weak interaction between the iridium(III) complex and duplex DNA. Upon digestion by ExoIII, the guanine-rich sequence is released and folds into a G-quadruplex, which greatly enhances the luminescence emission of the iridium(III) probe. This method was highly sensitive for 3'→5' exonuclease over other DNA-modifying enzymes. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.

Keywords

Exonuclease, G-quadruplex, Iridium, Luminescence, Metal complex

Publication Date

2013

Source Publication Title

Methods

Volume

64

Issue

3

Start Page

218

End Page

223

Publisher

Elsevier

ISSN (print)

10462023

ISSN (electronic)

10959130

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