Document Type

Journal Article

Department/Unit

School of Chinese Medicine

Title

Analgesic effects of JCM-16021 on neonatal maternal separation-induced visceral pain in rats

Language

English

Abstract

AIM: To investigate the pharmacological effect of JCM-16021, a Chinese herbal formula, and its underlying mechanisms. METHODS: JCM-16021 is composed of seven herbal plant materials. All raw materials of the formula were examined according to the quality control criteria listed in the Chinese Pharmacopeia (2005). In a neonatal maternal separation (NMS) model, male Sprague-Dawley rats were submitted to daily maternal separation from postnatal day 2 to day 14, or no specific handling (NH). Starting from postnatal day 60, rats were administered JCM-16021 (2, 4, 8 g/kg per day) orally twice a day for 28 d. Pain threshold pressure and electromyographic activities of external oblique muscles in response to colorectal distention recorded with a Power Lab System (AD Instruments International), were tested as pain indices. Changes in serotonin (5-HT) and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) concentrations in the colon of rats were analyzed; the enterochromaffin cell numbers and serotonin transporter in the colon of rats were also evaluated with an immunohistochemistry method. RESULTS: NMS treatment significantly reduced pain threshold pressure (37.4 ± 1.4 mmHg), as compared to that of NH rats (57.7 ± 1.9 mmHg, P < 0.05). After JCM-16021 treatment, the pain threshold pressure significantly increased when compared to that before treatment (34.2 ± 0.9 mmHg vs 52.8 ± 2.3 mmHg in the high dose group, 40.2 ± 1.6 mmHg vs 46.5 ± 1.3 mmHg in the middle dose group, and 39.3 ± 0.7 mmHg vs 46.5 ± 1.6 mmHg in the low dose group, P < 0.05). Also JCM-16021 significantly and dose-dependently decreased electromyographic activity to the graded colorectal distension (CRD), (the mean ΔAUC values were: 0.17 ± 0.03, 0.53 ± 0.15, 1.06 ± 0.18, 1.22 ± 0.24 in the high dose group; 0.23 ± 0.04, 0.68 ± 0.17, 1.27 ± 0.26, 1.8 ± 0.3 in the middle dose group; and 0.29 ± 0.06, 0.8 ± 0.16, 1.53 ± 0.24, 2.1 ± 0.21 in the low dose group for the pressures 20, 40, 60, 80 mmHg), as compared to the NMS vehicle group. The mean ΔAUC values were: 0.57 ± 0.12, 1.33 ± 0.18, 2.57 ± 0.37, 3.08 ± 0.37 for the pressures 20, 40, 60, 80 mmHg (P < 0.05). JCM-16021 treatment significantly reduced the 5-HT concentrations (from high, middle and low dosage groups: 60.25 ± 5.98 ng/100 mg, 60.32 ± 4.22 ng/100 mg, 73.31 ± 7.65 ng/100 mg), as compared to the NMS vehicle groups (93.11 ± 9.85 ng/100 mg, P < 0.05); and increased the 5-HIAA concentrations (after treatment, from high, middle and low dosage groups: 54.24 ± 3.27 ng/100 mg, 50.34 ± 1.26 ng/100 mg, 51.37 ± 2.13 ng/100 mg) when compared to that in the NMS vehicle group (51.75 ± 1.98 ng/100 mg, P < 0.05); but did not change the enterochromaffin cell numbers in the colon of rats. In addition, NMS rats had higher SERT expression (n = 10) than NH rats (n = 8, P < 0.05). JCM-16021 treatment significantly decreased SERT expression when compared to the NMS group (P < 0.01-0.001). CONCLUSION: JCM-16021 can attenuate visceral hypersensitivity, and this analgesic effect may be mediated through the serotonin signaling pathway in the colon of rats. © 2010 Baishideng. All rights reserved.

Keywords

Analgesia effect, Herbal medicine, Neonatal maternal separation, Serotonin pathway, Visceral hyperalgesia

Publication Date

2010

Source Publication Title

World Journal of Gastroenterology

Volume

16

Issue

7

Start Page

837

End Page

845

Publisher

Baishideng Publishing Group Co. Limited

DOI

10.3748/wjg.v16.i7.837

Link to Publisher's Edition

http://dx.doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v16.i7.837

ISSN (print)

10079327

ISSN (electronic)

22192840

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