http://dx.doi.org/10.1255/ejms.1224">
 

Document Type

Journal Article

Department/Unit

School of Chinese Medicine

Title

Characterization of secondary metabolites from the raphides of calcium oxalate contained in three Araceae family plants using laser microdissection and ultra-high performance liquid chromatography- quadrupole/time of flight-mass spectrometry

Language

English

Abstract

The dried stem tubers of Pinellia ternata (Thunb.) Breit, P. pedatisecta Schott and Typhonium flagelliforme (Lodd.) Blume from the Araceae family are used as Chinese medicines, namely Banxia, Zhangye Banxia and Shui Banxia, respectively. They have been reported to have a strong irritative effect on mucosa. Previous studies have indicated that the pure raphides of calcium oxalate contained in the stem tubers of three plants have attributed to this strong irritation. However, the processed products of the stem tubers of P. ternata, including Fabanxia, Qingbanxia and Jiangbanxia, have been found to have no irritative effects on mucosa. Currently, the secondary metabolites from the raphides of calcium oxalate contained in the stem tubers of P. ternata with its processed products, P. pedatisecta and T. flagelliforme were analyzed by means of laser microdissection and ultra-high performance liquid chromatography- quadrupole/time of flight-mass spectrometry. The results indicate that the stem tubers of P. ternata P. pedatisecta and T. flagelliforme mainly contain amino acids, fatty acids, cyclic dipeptides and alkaloids. The secondary metabolite profile of the stem tuber of P. ternata was different from those of its processed products, Fabanxia, Qingbanxia and Jiangbanxia. However, the secondary metabolites from their raphides of calcium oxalate all contained beta-sitosterol, sitosterol palmitate, trigonelline, octadecenoic acid, pedatisectine A and thymidine. The raphides of calcium oxalate from P. ternata, P. pedatisecta and T. flagelliforme do not include any specific irritants. The results indicated that the irritation induced by raphides of calcium oxalate of three Araceae family plants is not relevant to the secondary metabolites but relates to the special needle shape. © IM Publications LLP 2013.

Keywords

Araceae, Laser microdissection, Pinellia pedatisecta, Pinellia ternata, Raphides of calcium oxalate, Typhonium flagelliforme, UHPLC-QTOF-MS

Publication Date

2013

Source Publication Title

European Journal of Mass Spectrometry

Volume

19

Issue

3

Start Page

195

End Page

210

Publisher

IM Publications

ISSN (print)

14690667

ISSN (electronic)

17516838

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