Document Type

Journal Article

Department/Unit

School of Chinese Medicine

Title

Ethanol extract of fructus schisandrae decreases hepatic triglyceride level in mice fed with a high fat/cholesterol diet, with attention to acute toxicity

Language

English

Abstract

Effects of the ethanol extract of Fructus Schisandrae (EtFSC) on serum and liver lipid contents were investigated in mice fed with high fat/cholesterol (HFC) diet for 8 or 15 days. The induction of hypercholesterolemia by HFC diet caused significant increases in serum and hepatic total cholesterol (TC) levels (up to 62% and 165%, resp.) and hepatic triglyceride (TG) levels (up to 528%) in mice. EtFSC treatment (1 or 5g/kg/day for 7 days; from Day 1 to 7 or from Day 8 to 14, i.g.) significantly decreased the hepatic TG level (down to 35%) and slightly increased the hepatic index (by 8%) in hypercholesterolemic mice. Whereas fenofibrate treatment (0.1g/kg/day for 7 days, i.g.) significantly lowered the hepatic TG level (by 61%), it elevated the hepatic index (by 77%) in hypercholesterolemic mice. Acute toxicity test showed that EtFSC was relatively non-toxic, with an LD50 value of 35.63 ± 6.46g/kg in mice. The results indicate that EtFSC treatment can invariably decrease hepatic TG in hypercholesterolemic mice, as assessed by both preventive and therapeutic protocols, suggesting its potential use for fatty liver treatment. © 2011 Si-Yuan Pan et al.

Publication Date

2011

Source Publication Title

Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Volume

2011

Start Page

729412-1

End Page

729412-6

Publisher

Hindawi Publishing Corporation

DOI

10.1093/ecam/nep070

Link to Publisher's Edition

http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ecam/nep070

ISSN (print)

1741427X

ISSN (electronic)

17414288

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