Document Type

Journal Article

Department/Unit

School of Chinese Medicine

Title

Acylated protopanaxadiol-type ginsenosides from the root of panax ginseng

Language

English

Abstract

Six new protopanaxadiol-type ginsenosides, named ginsenosides Ra 4-Ra 9 (1-6, resp.), along with 14 known dammarane-type triterpene saponins, were isolated from the root of Panax ginseng, one of the most important Chinese medicinal herbs. The structures of the new compounds were determined by spectroscopic methods, including 1D- and 2D-NMR, HR-MS, and chemical transformation as (20S)- 3-O-{β-D-6-O-[(E)-but-2-enoyl] glucopyranosyl-(1→2)-β-D-glucopyranosyl}-20-O-[β-D-xylopyranosyl- (1→4)-α-L-arabinopyranosyl-(1→6)-β-D-glucopyranosyl] protopanaxadiol (1), (20S)-3-O-[β-D-6-O-acetylglucopyranosyl-(1→2)- β-D-glucopyranosyl]-20-O-[β-D-xylopyranosyl-(1→4) -α-L-arabinopyranosyl-(1→6)-β-D-glucopyranosyl]protopanaxadiol (2), (20S)-3-O-{β-D-6-O-[(E)-but-2-enoyl]glucopyranosyl-(1→2)-β- D-glucopyranosyl}-20-O-[β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→6)-β-D- glucopyranosyl]protopanaxadiol (3), (20S)-3-O-{β-D-6-O-[(E)-but-2-enoyl] glucopyranosyl-(1→2)-β-D-glucopyranosyl}-20-O-[α-L- arabinopyranosyl-(1→6)-β-D-glucopyranosyl]protopanaxadiol (4), (20S)-3-O-{β-D-4-O-[(E)-but-2-enoyl]glucopyranosyl-(1→2) -β-D-glucopyranosyl}-20-O-[α-L-arabinofuranosyl-(1→6) -β-D-glucopyranosyl]protopanaxadiol (5), (20S)-3-O-{β-D-6-O-[(E)-but- 2-enoyl]glucopyranosyl-(1→2)-β-D-glucopyranosyl}-20-O-[α-L- arabinofuranosyl-(1→6)-β-D-glucopyranosyl]protopanaxadiol (6). The sugar moiety at C(3) of the aglycone of each new ginsenoside is butenoylated or acetylated. Copyright © 2011 Verlag Helvetica Chimica Acta AG, Zürich.

Keywords

Ginsenosides Ra 4 - Ra 9, Panax ginseng, Protopanaxadiols

Publication Date

2011

Source Publication Title

Chemistry and Biodiversity

Volume

8

Issue

10

Start Page

1853

End Page

1863

Publisher

Wiley

DOI

10.1002/cbdv.201000196

Link to Publisher's Edition

http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cbdv.201000196

ISSN (print)

16121872

ISSN (electronic)

16121880

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