http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/np400779v">
 

Document Type

Journal Article

Department/Unit

School of Chinese Medicine

Title

Bioactive compounds from Vitex leptobotrys

Language

English

Abstract

A new lignan, vitexkarinol (1), as well as a known lignan, neopaulownin (2), a known chalcone, 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-1-(2,4,6-trimethoxyphenyl)-2-propen- 1-one (3), two known dehydroflavones, tsugafolin (4) and alpinetin (5), two known dipeptides, aurantiamide and aurantiamide acetate, a known sesquiterpene, vemopolyanthofuran, and five known carotenoid metabolites, vomifoliol, dihydrovomifoliol, dehydrovomifoliol, loliolide, and isololiolide, were isolated from the leaves and twigs of Vitex leptobotrys through bioassay-guided fractionation. The chalcone (3) was found to inhibit HIV-1 replication by 77% at 15.9 μM, and the two dehydroflavones (4 and 5) showed weak anti-HIV activity with IC50 values of 118 and 130 μM, respectively, while being devoid of cytotoxicity at 150 μM. A chlorophyll-enriched fraction of V. leptobotrys, containing pheophorbide a, was found to inhibit the replication of HIV-1 by 80% at a concentration of 10 μg/mL. Compounds 1 and 3 were further selected to be evaluated against 21 viral targets available at NIAID (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA). © 2014 The American Chemical Society and American Society of Pharmacognosy.

Publication Date

2014

Source Publication Title

Journal of Natural Products

Volume

77

Issue

3

Start Page

663

End Page

667

Publisher

American Chemical Society

ISSN (print)

01633864

ISSN (electronic)

15206025

This document is currently not available here.

Share

COinS