Document Type

Journal Article

Department/Unit

Department of Economics

Title

The productive efficiency of Chinese hospitals

Language

English

Abstract

Since the implementation of health care reforms, much has been documented regarding the practices and behavior of hospitals or health profession in China. While these documentations pointed to various problems arising from the reforms, a systematic analysis is rarely found. Based on five years' data, the present study aims at providing empirical evidence of inefficiency of hospitals in China. Using the data envelopment analysis, the sources of inefficiency were examined. Echoing the unnecessary care, over-prescription of drugs and the adoption of high-tech treatments since the implementation of health care reforms, the sampled hospitals were found quite inefficient and pure technical inefficiency played a dominant role in driving the inefficiency of hospitals. Combining the panel nature of the data and the Malmquist Index computation, hospitals had experienced productivity growth between 2004 and 2008. Mirroring the behavior of hospitals, technological progress was the underlying force for the growth and the deterioration in efficiency change was found. The results summarized by region revealed that the stage of economic development and the efficiency performance of hospital did not necessarily go hand in hand. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.

Keywords

China, Data envelopment analysis, Hospitals, Malmquist index, Productive efficiency

Publication Date

2011

Source Publication Title

China Economic Review

Volume

22

Issue

3

Start Page

428

End Page

439

Publisher

Elsevier

DOI

10.1016/j.chieco.2011.06.001

ISSN (print)

1043951X

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