Document Type

Journal Article

Department/Unit

Department of Education Studies

Title

Epistemic beliefs and critical thinking of Chinese students

Language

English

Abstract

Two studies were carried out to examine the relationship between epistemic beliefs and critical thinking. In the first study, 138 Chinese undergraduates completed the adapted Epistemic Beliefs Inventory (EBI) and the Halpern Critical Thinking Assessment Using Everyday Situations. Their cognitive ability and thinking dispositions were also measured. Results showed that other than cognitive ability, the belief that knowledge is certain was most related to thinking performance. In the second study, 111 undergraduates read a passage on a controversial issue and were asked to indicate their position, explain the reasoning behind, and rate their confidence in judgment. They were then presented relevant counterarguments and asked to respond to them. Participants were also administered the adapted EBI. There was clear evidence that those believing knowledge to be certain exhibited poorer two-sided thinking and a stronger tendency to devaluate or ignore counterarguments. Implications for the enhancement of critical thinking are discussed. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.

Keywords

Chinese student, Critical thinking, Epistemic belief, Epistemology, Individual difference

Publication Date

2011

Source Publication Title

Learning and Individual Differences

Volume

21

Issue

1

Start Page

67

End Page

77

Publisher

Elsevier

DOI

10.1016/j.lindif.2010.11.001

ISSN (print)

10416080

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