School of Chinese Medicine
Specific inhibiting characteristics of tetramethylpyrazine, one of the active ingredients of the chinese herbal medicine ‘Chuanxiong,’ on platelet thrombus formation under high shear rates
We have investigated the effects of tetramethylpyrazine, one of the active ingredients of the Chinese herbal medicine Chuanxiong, on platelet thrombus formation under flow conditions. We demonstrate herein that tetramethylpyrazine inhibits shear-induced platelet aggregation under relatively high shear rate of 10,800 s-1 with modest inhibition of those occurring under relatively low shear rate of 1200 s-1 by using optically modified cone-plate viscometer. We also demonstrate that platelet activation induced by shearing in the absence of exogenous platelet-activating agents such as ADP as evidenced by P-selectin surface expression and microparticle release detected by quantitative flow cytometry was also inhibited by tetramethylpyrazine. Moreover, we also demonstrate platelet thrombus formation on the collagen and von Willebrand factor (vWF) surface at high shear rates without significant influences on those occurring under relatively low shear rates. Because platelet thrombus formation occurring under high shear rates is known to be mediated by the vWF interaction with platelet receptor proteins GP Ibα and GP IIb/IIIa, we speculated that tetramethylpyrazine exerts antiplatelet effects by inhibiting the vWF-mediated process of platelet thrombus formation. Our findings, indicating the unique antiplatelet characteristics of tetramethylpyrazine, selectively inhibiting the platelet thrombus formation under high shear rates, provide good reasons for developing chemical analogs having biological functions similar to or more potent than those of tetramethylpyrazine as antiplatelet agents having unique biological functions. © 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
GP Ibα, GP IIb/IIIa, Shear, Tetramethylpyrazine, Von Willebrand factor
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Li, Min, Shunnosuke Handa, Yasuo Ikeda, and Shinya Goto. "Specific inhibiting characteristics of tetramethylpyrazine, one of the active ingredients of the chinese herbal medicine ‘Chuanxiong,’ on platelet thrombus formation under high shear rates." Thrombosis Research 104.1 (2001): 15-28.