Department of Mathematics
A new test for random effects in linear mixed models with longitudinal data
As it is known, testing the existence of random effects is often transferred to testing their zero variances/covariance matrices. It is a nonstandard testing problem because the hypothetical values are on the boundary of the whole space. In the literature, a difference-based test was proposed, which has asymptotically tractable null distribution and is then easy to implement. However, the projection method on which the difference-based test relies may affect and deteriorate its performance when covariates associated with fixed effects and covariates associated with random effects are highly correlated. In the paper, for linear mixed models (LMM) with longitudinal data, a new test is proposed to avoid this problem. The new test is also asymptotically distribution-free and more powerful than the difference-based test, particularly when the above correlation is high. The new test is consistent against all global alternatives and can detect local alternatives converging to the null at a rate as close as to m -1/2 with m being the number of subjects. Simulations are carried out to examine the performance and a real data analysis is performed for illustration. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
Covariance matrix, Difference, Linear mixed models
Source Publication Title
Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference
Li, Zaixing, and Lixing Zhu. "A new test for random effects in linear mixed models with longitudinal data." Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference 143.1 (2013): 82-95.