Document Type

Journal Article

Department/Unit

Department of Chemistry

Title

An enzyme-inorganic hybrid nanoflower based immobilized enzyme reactor with enhanced enzymatic activity

Language

English

Abstract

© The Royal Society of Chemistry. A facile approach for the synthesis of enzyme-inorganic hybrid nanoflowers and their application as an immobilized α-chymotrypsin (ChT) reactor (IMER) for highly efficient protein digestion was described. The hybrid nanoflowers were room-temperature synthesized in aqueous solution using calcium phosphate (Ca3(PO4)2) as the inorganic component and ChT as the organic component. The effects of reaction parameters on the formation of the enzyme-embedded hybrid nanoflowers and their growth mechanism were investigated systematically. By monitoring the reaction of N-benzoyl-l-tyrosine ethyl ester (BTEE), the enzymatic activity of the immobilized ChT was calculated and the results showed 266% enhancement in enzymatic activity. The performance of such a nanoreactor was further demonstrated by digesting bovine serum albumin (BSA) and human serum albumin (HSA), with a stringent threshold for unambiguous identification of these digests, the yielding sequence coverages for nanoflower-based digestion were 48% and 34%, higher than those obtained with the free enzyme. The digestion time of BSA and HSA in the former case was less than 2 min, about 1/360 of that performed in the latter case (12 h). Furthermore, the residual activity of the nanoflowers decreased slightly even after eight repeated use, demonstrating promising stability. In addition, the hybrid nanoflower-based IMER was applicable to the digestion of a complex human sample, showing great promise for proteome analysis.

Publication Date

2015

Source Publication Title

Journal Of Materials Chemistry B

Volume

3

Issue

11

Start Page

2295

End Page

2300

Publisher

Royal Society of Chemistry

DOI

10.1039/c4tb01697a

Link to Publisher's Edition

http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c4tb01697a

ISSN (print)

2050750X

ISSN (electronic)

20507518

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