Department of Biology
Acute hypoxic exposure affects gamete quality and subsequent fertilization success and embryonic development in a serpulid polychaete
Hypoxia likely compromises the reproductive success of those marine organisms carrying out external fertilization because their gametes and embryos are inevitably exposed to the external environment. Hydroides elegans, a dominant serpulid polychaete in Hong Kong waters, can spawn throughout the year but the number of recruits drops during summer when hypoxia commonly occurs. This study attempted to explain such observation by investigating the gamete quality, including sperm motility, egg size, complexity and viability, after 1-h hypoxic exposure (1mg O2l-1). In addition, how gamete quality affects fertilization success and embryonic development was examined. After 1-h hypoxic exposure, sperm motility was significantly reduced, compromising fertilization success. Although the eggs remained viable, more malformed embryos and retarded embryonic development were observed. We interpreted that the harmful effect of hypoxia on embryonic development was attributed to the teratogenicity and induced oxidative stress, ultimately causing the reduction in recruitment during summer. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Embryonic development, Fertilization success, Gametes, Hydroides elegans, Hypoxia, Malformation
Source Publication Title
Marine Pollution Bulletin
Shin, P. K S, J. Y S Leung, J. W. Qiu, P. O. Ang, J. M Y Chiu, V. Thiyagarajan, and S. G. Cheung. "Acute hypoxic exposure affects gamete quality and subsequent fertilization success and embryonic development in a serpulid polychaete." Marine Pollution Bulletin 85.2 (2014): 439-445.