Document Type

Journal Article

Department/Unit

Department of Computer Science

Title

Electric vehicle charging station placement: Formulation, complexity, and solutions

Language

English

Abstract

© 2014 IEEE.To enhance environmental sustainability, many countries will electrify their transportation systems in their future smart city plans, so the number of electric vehicles (EVs) running in a city will grow significantly. There are many ways to recharge EVs' batteries and charging stations will be considered as the main source of energy. The locations of charging stations are critical; they should not only be pervasive enough such that an EV anywhere can easily access a charging station within its driving range, but also widely spread so that EVs can cruise around the whole city upon being recharged. Based on these new perspectives, we formulate the EV charging station placement problem (EVCSPP) in this paper. We prove that the problem is nondeterministic polynomial-time hard. We also propose four solution methods to tackle EVCSPP, and evaluate their performance on various artificial and practical cases. As verified by the simulation results, the methods have their own characteristics and they are suitable for different situations depending on the requirements for solution quality, algorithmic efficiency, problem size, nature of the algorithm, and existence of system prerequisite.

Keywords

Charging station, electric vehicle (EV), location, smart city planning

Publication Date

2014

Source Publication Title

IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid

Volume

5

Issue

6

Start Page

2846

End Page

2856

Publisher

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

DOI

10.1109/TSG.2014.2344684

Link to Publisher's Edition

http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TSG.2014.2344684

ISSN (print)

19493053

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