Document Type

Journal Article

Department/Unit

Department of Physical Education

Title

Constraints of recreational sport participation: Measurement invariance and latent mean differences across sex and physical activity status

Language

English

Abstract

© Perceptual & Motor Skills 2014. The purpose of the current study was to (a) examine the measurement invariance of the Constraint Scale of Sport Participation across sex and physical activity status among the undergraduate students (N = 630) in Hong Kong and (b) compare the latent mean differences across groups. Measurement invariance of the Constraint Scale of Sport Participation across sex of and physical activity status of the participants was examined first. With receiving support on the measurement invariance across groups, latent mean differences of the scores across groups were examined. Multi-group confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the configural, metric, scalar, and structural invariance of the scale was supported across groups. The results of latent mean differences suggested that the women reported signifi- cantly higher constraints on time, partner, psychology, knowledge, and interest than the men. The physically inactive participants reported significantly higher scores on all constraints except for accessibility than the physically active participants.

Publication Date

2014

Source Publication Title

Perceptual and Motor Skills

Volume

119

Issue

2

Start Page

363

End Page

376

Publisher

Ammons Scientific

DOI

10.2466/06.03.PMS.119c24z0

Link to Publisher's Edition

http://dx.doi.org/10.2466/06.03.PMS.119c24z0

ISSN (print)

00315125

ISSN (electronic)

1558688X

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