Document Type

Journal Article

Department/Unit

Office of the Vice-President (Research and Development)

Title

Structural engineering of porphyrin-based small molecules as donors for efficient organic solar cells

Language

English

Abstract

© 2016 The Royal Society of Chemistry.Porphyrin-based small molecules as donors have long been ignored in bulky heterojunction organic solar cells due to their unfavorable aggregation and the low charge mobility. With the aim of striking a delicate balance between molecular design, morphology, interfacial layer and device fabrication to maximize the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of organic solar cells, three comparable porphyrin-based small molecules with an acceptor-donor-acceptor configuration have been developed for use as donor materials in solution processed small molecule bulk heterojunction organic solar cells. In these molecules, electron-deficient 3-ethylrhodanine is introduced into the electron-rich porphyrin core through 5,15-bis(phenylethynyl) linkers. Structural engineering with 10,20-bis(2-hexylnonyl) aliphatic peripheral substituent on the porphyrin core, instead of the aromatic substituents such as 10,20-bis[3,5-di(dodecyloxyl)phenyl], and 10,20-bis(4-dodecyloxylphenyl), can simultaneously facilitate stronger intermolecular π-π stacking and higher charge transfer mobility in the film, leading to a maximum PCE of 7.70% in a conventional device. The inverted devices have also been demonstrated to have long-term ambient stability and a comparable PCE of 7.55%.

Publication Date

2015

Source Publication Title

Chemical Science

Volume

7

Issue

7

Start Page

4301

End Page

4307

Publisher

Royal Society of Chemistry

DOI

10.1039/c5sc04783h

Link to Publisher's Edition

http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c5sc04783h

ISSN (print)

20416520

ISSN (electronic)

20416539

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