http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/cm400800h">
 

Document Type

Journal Article

Department/Unit

Department of Chemistry

Title

Significant improvement of dye-sensitized solar cell performance using simple phenothiazine-based dyes

Language

English

Abstract

A series of simple phenothiazine-based dyes have been synthesized, in which a cyanoacrylate acceptor directly attached to the C(3) position of phenothiazine, and an additional linear electron-rich (4-hexyloxy)phenyl group at C(7) on the opposite side of the acceptor, and an alkyl chain with different length at N(10) of the phenothiazine periphery are presented. The dye molecules have a linear shape which is favorable for the formation of a compact dye layer on the TiO2 surface, while their butterfly conformations can sufficiently inhibit molecular aggregation. Moreover, the structural features of (4-hexyloxy)phenyl donor moiety at the C(7) position of phenothiazine extends the π-conjugation of the chromophore, thus enhancing the performance of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). Moreover, the alkyl substituents with different chain length at the N(10) atom of phenothiazine could further optimize the performance through completely shielding the surface of TiO2 from the I-/I3- electrolyte and subsequently reducing the leakage of dark current. Under simulated AM 1.5G irradiation, the PT-C6 based DSSC produces a short-circuit photocurrent of 15.32 mA cm-2, an open-circuit photovoltage of 0.78 V, a fill factor of 0.69, corresponding to a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 8.18%, which exceeds the reference N719 (7.73%) under identical fabrication conditions. Notably, the designed molecular structure represents the highest photovoltaic conversion efficiency value when compared with other reported phenothiazine-derived dyes. © 2013 American Chemical Society.

Keywords

π-conjugation, aggregation, charge recombination, dye-sensitized solar cells, phenothiazine

Publication Date

2013

Source Publication Title

Chemistry of Materials

Volume

25

Issue

10

Start Page

2146

End Page

2153

Publisher

American Chemical Society

ISSN (print)

08974756

ISSN (electronic)

15205002

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