School of Chinese Medicine
The genus Rosa and arthritis: Overview on pharmacological perspectives
The genus Rosa (roses) has long been used in traditional or folk medicine worldwide for the treatment of various types of arthritis including rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. The active constituents of Rosa spp., such as flavonoids, triterpenoids, and phytosterols, could act on different targets in the NF-κB signalling pathway, inhibit pro-inflammatory enzymes (e.g. MMPs and COX-2), lower the production of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines (e.g. TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, CCL5), and reduce oxidative stress, which in turn suppress inflammatory processes. Preclinical and clinical studies have demonstrated that these species possess analgesic, anti-arthritic, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative and bone-preserving activities. This review presents comprehensive overview of the mode and mechanism of action of various extracts, preparations, and active constituents from this genus. The dynamic beneficial effects of the products prepared from this genus in arthritis management are summarized. The Rosa genus is a treasure waiting for further exploration by researchers interested in the development of safe and effective anti-arthritic agents.
Rose hips, Rosa canina, Rosa multiflora, Ursolic acid, β-sitosterol, Rheumatoid arthritis
Source Publication Title
© 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
This work was supported by grants JCYJ20140807091945050,JCYJ20150630164505508 and JCYJ20160229210327924 from theScience, Technology and Innovation Commission of Shen-zhen, 12125116 from Research Grants Council of Hong Kong;81673649 from National Natural Science Foundation of China;2016A030313007 form Guangdong Natural Science Foundation;and FRG1/15-16/050 and FRG2/15-16/020 from the Hong KongBaptist University.
Link to Publisher's Edition
Cheng, Brian Chi Yan, Xiu-Qiong Fu, Hui Guo, Ting Li, Zheng-Zhi Wu, Kelvin Chan, and Zhi-Ling Yu. "The genus Rosa and arthritis: Overview on pharmacological perspectives." Pharmacological Research 114 (2016): 219-234.