Document Type

Journal Article

Department/Unit

Department of Chemistry

Title

Capillary electrophoretic study of thiolated α-cyclodextrin-capped gold nanoparticles with tetraalkylammonium ions

Language

English

Abstract

Capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) has been employed to characterize nanometer-sized thiolated α-cyclodextrin-capped gold nanoparticles (α-CD-S-AuNPs). The addition of tetrabutylammonium (Bu4N+) ions to the run buffer greatly narrows the migration peak of α-CD-S-AuNP. The optimal run buffer was determined to be 10 mM Bu4N+ in 30 mM phosphate buffer at pH 12 and an applied voltage of 15 kV. The effect of various tetraalkylammonium ions on the peak width and electrophoretic mobility (μe) of α-CD-S-AuNP was studied in detail. Bu4N+ ions assist in inter-linking the α-CD-S-AuNPs and narrowing the migration peak in CZE. This observation can be explained by the fact that each Bu4N+ ion can simultaneously interact with several hydrophobic cavities of the surface-attached α-CDs on AuNPs. The TEM images show that α-CD-S-AuNPs with Bu4N+ are linked together but in the absence of Bu4N+, they are more dispersed. The migration mechanism in CZE is based on the formation of inclusion complexes between Bu4N+ and α-CD-S-AuNPs which induces changes in the charge-to-size ratio of α-CD-S-AuNPs and μe. An inverse linear relationship (r2 > 0.998) exists between the μe and size of α-CD-S-AuNPs in the core range 1.4-4.1 nm. The CZE analyses are rapid with migration time less than 4 min. A few nanoliters of each of the α-CD-S-AuNP samples were injected hydrodynamically at 0.5 psi for 5 s. Our work confirms that CZE is an efficient tool for characterizing the sizes of α-CD-S-AuNPs using Bu4N+ ions. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Keywords

Inclusion complex, Tetrabutylammonium ions, Thiolated α-cyclodextrin-capped gold nanoparticles

Publication Date

2009

Source Publication Title

Journal of Chromatography A

Volume

1216

Issue

48

Start Page

8557

End Page

8562

Publisher

Elsevier

DOI

10.1016/j.chroma.2009.10.013

ISSN (print)

00219673

ISSN (electronic)

18733778

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