Department of Chemistry
An evidence for the chiral discrimination of naproxen enantiomers: A combined experimental and theoretical study
Naproxen enantiomers possess strong room temperature phosphorescence (RTP) in β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) system with a small amount of 1,2-dibromoethane (1,2-DBE) under ambient conditions. The effects of pH, concentration of β-CD, and 1,2-DBE on the RTP of naproxen enantiomers have been investigated in detail. Time-resolved RTP spectroscopy shows that both naproxen enantiomers exhibit biexponential decay pattern with lifetimes of τ1 = 4.79 ± 0.13 and τ2 = 1.51 ± 0.096 ms for R-naproxen and τ1 = 6.67 ± 0.15 and τ2 = 2.13 ± 0.061 ms for S-naproxen. The lifetime differences between these enantiomers are δτ1 = 1.88 and δτ2 = 0.62 ms, indicating that chiral discrimination of naproxen enantiomers can be achieved in β-CD/1,2-DBE system. Naproxen enantiomers can form stable complexes with β-CD and 1,2-DBE in stoichiometric ratios of 1:1:2 and 1:1:1 (naproxen:β-CD:1,2-DBE), and the association constants are 3.20 × 103 M-4 and 2.43 × 103 M-3 for the S- and R-enantiomers, respectively. The chiral discrimination of R-naproxen and S-naproxen is realized via their difference in interaction with the chiral cavity of β-CD due to their difference in stereochemical structure. Finally, molecular modeling is performed to determine the chiral recognition on a molecular level, and the results are in good agreement with the experimental data. © 2011 American Chemical Society.
Source Publication Title
Journal of Physical Chemistry C
American Chemical Society
Link to Publisher's Edition
Wei, Yanli, Sufang Wang, Jianbin Chao, Songbai Wang, Chuan Dong, Shaomin Shuang, Man Chin Paau, and Martin M. F. Choi. "An evidence for the chiral discrimination of naproxen enantiomers: A combined experimental and theoretical study." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 115.10 (2011): 4033-4040.