Document Type

Journal Article

Department/Unit

Department of Chemistry

Title

Core–shell structured nickel and ruthenium nanoparticles: Very active and stable catalysts for the generation of COx-free hydrogen via ammonia decomposition

Language

English

Abstract

The present study demonstrates that the silica-encapsulated Ni and Ru nanoparticles (nano-Ni@SiO2 and nano-Ru@SiO2) are catalysts more active and stable than the currently known catalysts for the production of COx-free hydrogen through ammonia decomposition. The effects of SiO2 encapsulation are closely related to the nature of the enwrapped core elements. The core size and exposure can be modified upon acid treatment, and the core surface property can also be modified by La or Ce doping. Both approaches result in activity enhancement. The superior performance and stability of the core-shell structures are originated from the unique feature of microcapsular-like reactor. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Keywords

Ammonia decomposition, Core-shell structure, Nanoparticles, Nickel, Ruthenium, Silica

Publication Date

2011

Source Publication Title

Catalysis Today

Volume

164

Issue

1

Start Page

112

End Page

118

Publisher

Elsevier

DOI

10.1016/j.cattod.2010.10.056

ISSN (print)

09205861

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