Department of Chemistry
Efficient acrylic acid production through bio lactic acid dehydration over nay zeolite modified by alkali phosphates
Alkali phosphates-modified NaY zeolites were developed as catalysts for efficient conversion of lactic acid to acrylic acid. The catalytic performance was optimized in terms of the type and loading of alkali phosphates, reaction temperature, liquid hourly space velocity, and lactic acid concentration. A high acrylic acid yield of 58.4% was achieved at 340 °C over 14 wt % Na 2HPO4/NaY. The physicochemical properties of the catalysts were investigated by various techniques including NH3-TPD, pyridine adsorption-FTIR, Raman, and MAS 31P NMR. Introduction of alkali phosphates to NaY zeolite results in a decline of surface acidity. The results of FTIR, Raman, and MAS 31P NMR investigations on the fresh and used catalysts suggest that sodium phosphate is largely transformed to sodium lactate during the reaction. The phosphates and the in situ generated sodium lactate function as highly active species for the target reaction. © 2010 American Chemical Society.
acrylic acid, Alkali phosphate, dehydration, lactic acid, NaY
Source Publication Title
American Chemical Society
Zhang, Junfeng, Yuling Zhao, Min Pan, Xinzhen Feng, Weijie Ji, and Chak-Tong Au. "Efficient acrylic acid production through bio lactic acid dehydration over nay zeolite modified by alkali phosphates." ACS Catalysis 1.1 (2011): 32-41.