Department of Mathematics
A Lagrangian dual approach to the single-sourse localization problem
The single-source localization problem (SSLP), which is nonconvex by its nature, appears in several important multidisciplinary fields such as signal processing and the global positioning system. In this paper, we cast SSLP as a Euclidean distance embedding problem and study a Lagrangian dual approach. It is proved that the Lagrangian dual problem must have an optimal solution under the generalized Slater condition. We provide a sufficient condition for the zero-duality gap and establish the equivalence between the Lagrangian dual approach and the existing Generalized Trust-Region Subproblem (GTRS) approach studied by Beck ['Exact and Approximate Solutions of Source Localization Problems,' IEEE Trans. Signal Process., vol. 56, pp. 1770-1778, 2008]. We also reveal new implications of the assumptions made by the GTRS approach. Moreover, the Lagrangian dual approach has a straightforward extension to the multiple-source localization problem. Numerical simulations demonstrate that the Lagrangian dual approach can produce localization of similar quality as the GTRS and can significantly outperform the well-known semidefinite programming solver SNLSDP for the multiple source localization problem on the tested cases. © 1991-2012 IEEE.
Euclidean distance matrix, Lagrangian duality, low-rank approximation, orthogonal projection
Source Publication Title
IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Qi, Hou-Duo, Naihua Xiu, and Xiaoming Yuan. "A Lagrangian dual approach to the single-sourse localization problem." IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing 61.15 (2013): 3815-3826.