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Abstract 摘要

The failure to reform the modern Western model of medicine stems from the reductionist mode of thinking, as demonstrated by Prof. Jeffrey Bishop. Since the Enlightenment, the popular mode of thinking in Western medicine has been a kind of mechanical materialist reductionism, which is characteristic of instrumental rationality. It is also a spatial pattern of thinking—the body becomes separable from the mind. The thinking underlying Chinese medicine and Confucian bioethics based on Chinese philosophy, in contrast, is holistic in nature. Meaning and sacred values appears only in the mindset of the whole. From the Confucian bioethical perspective, a reasonable medical model is one based on the patient’s overall biological, social, psychological, and spiritual existence, rather than on any one of these as a discrete factor. Confucian bioethics is a mix of uncompromising realism and reasonable belief in the Dao of Heaven and the virtue of ren (humanity). It is rooted in traditional Chinese culture, and remains what the Chinese need today.

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