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Abstract 摘要

Professor Bishop’s illuminating essay should be commented upon by attending to the three following questions. First, what is the theoretical advantage of the spirituality proposed by Bishop compared with the biopsychosocial model? Second, what is the content of his proposed medical spirituality? Finally, what is its significance to contemporary medical practice? Biopsychosocial medicine is still a form of modernism and reductionism. Neither biomedicine nor biopsychosocial medicine really treats patients as persons. In modern secular society, spirituality can be explained as the individual’s basic understanding of what constitutes a good life and personal integrity without reference to religion. A genuine understanding of spirituality, in contrast, fully recognizes patients’ experiences, needs, emotions, and values and the need to integrate them as a whole. It is also important to distinguish spirituality from the mere psychological dimension or autonomy of the individual. Spirituality as a holistic approach nourishes the discourse of the doctor-patient relationship and what constitutes a good professional life for doctors, whether we are talking about the Western or Chinese medical context.

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