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Abstract 摘要

Professor Lee Shui Chuen regards medicine as a historical product of human civilization, with medical traditions differing in accordance with the historical and cultural contexts in which they developed. “Medicine as the art of humanness” is a Confucian notion that reflects the value placed on the relations between body and mind, mind and environment, and medicine and the humanities. Although contemporary Western medicine has made significant progress through reductionism, Descartes’ dichotomy between mind and body has led to contemporary calls for spiritual and mental engagement. The efforts of Western medicine to free itself from alienated instrumental rationality through a shift toward a more holistic and ecological worldview highlight the values common to both Chinese and Western medicine.

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