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Abstract 摘要

Abortion is legal in China. It is a government service available on request for women, yet it has recently generated ethical concerns. This paper investigates and analyzes the rationales given by women who have gone through induced abortion voluntarily or involuntarily, and reflects on the ethical and legal problems in China today. Although the case study is focused on D City in H province, the conclusion mirrors the general problem (i.e., general permissibility of abortion) in a society where the practice of abortion has been accepted by the public due to a government policy of family planning and population control. Sex-selective abortions also play a key role. In past decades, there has been little serious moral discussion on the issue of abortion.

The paper suggests that apart from legal regulations the government should provide more education concerning sex, birth control and women’s health. More importantly, moral education in light of respect for life should be strengthened.

中國的墮胎現象日益嚴重,並引起廣泛關注。墮胎是女性的權利還是一種犯罪行為一直是一個備受爭議的問題。筆者認為,胎兒具有生命的意義,墮胎本身是對胎兒和墮胎者造成傷害的行為,應當引發道德的思考和法律的約束。本文分析了引起墮胎氾濫的社會、群體及個體原因,並在承認胎兒生命意義的基礎上提出借助計劃生育政策改革,管控流產廣告,生命教育與性教育相結合,以及充分發揮醫院社會工作者的作用四個方面,糾正墮胎者與潛在墮胎者對於墮胎的態度及行為的對策。

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