Abortion is legal in China. It is a government service available on request for women, yet it has recently generated ethical concerns. This paper investigates and analyzes the rationales given by women who have gone through induced abortion voluntarily or involuntarily, and reflects on the ethical and legal problems in China today. Although the case study is focused on D City in H province, the conclusion mirrors the general problem (i.e., general permissibility of abortion) in a society where the practice of abortion has been accepted by the public due to a government policy of family planning and population control. Sex-selective abortions also play a key role. In past decades, there has been little serious moral discussion on the issue of abortion.
The paper suggests that apart from legal regulations the government should provide more education concerning sex, birth control and women’s health. More importantly, moral education in light of respect for life should be strengthened.