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Abstract 摘要

Modern biotechnology that creates living organisms challenge the traditional definition of life. This paper argues that although we should be very cautious when using synthetic biology, it would be ethically wrong and practically unwise to resist the new biotechnology all together. Daoism is used to discuss the dilemma between being natural (ziran) and being artificial (renwei). Moreover, Daoism calls for the Chinese science community to develop an ethical-regulatory framework to deal with both the potential of biotechnological research and its risks. The paper urges that if we decide to proceed with biotechnology, relevant factors concerning bio-safety and bio-security must be addressed immediately in China.

合成生命挑戰了傳統的生命觀念。人類社會要慎重對待合成生物學研究和應用,但不應對合成生命下道德禁令。鑒於合成生命存在較大的風險,既要強調科學家的自律,有所不為,又要加強外部監管。鑒於合成生命存在巨大的潛在利益,公正合理地“有所為”也是必要的。為有效處理與解決合成生命所遇到的倫理—政策問題,中國應儘快醞釀建立一種科學—倫理審查制度和機制。

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