Document Type

Journal Article

Abstract

Purpose The purpose of the study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Chinese-translated Behavioral Regulation in Exercise Questionnaire-2 (C-BREQ-2) among Chinese university students from the Mainland and Hong Kong of China. Methods University students from the Mainland (n = 191) and Hong Kong (n = 194) of China participated in this study. Factorial validity, discriminant validity, nomological validity, internal reliability, and measurement invariance across sample of the C-BREQ-2 were examined. Results Confirmatory factor analysis provided support for the factorial validity of the 18-item, 5-factor structure C-BREQ-2. Examination of the 95% confidence interval of the inter-factor correlations suggested that the C-BREQ-2 assesses related but distinct constructs, which provided support for its discriminant validity. The internal consistency reliability of the C-BREQ-2 was found acceptable. Examination of the pattern of inter-factor correlations between different regulations suggested that a simplex-like pattern was displayed, which provided evidence for the nomological validity of C-BREQ-2. The results from multi-group confirmatory factor analysis suggested that the factor loadings and variances/covariances of the C-BREQ-2 measurement model were invariant across the Chinese university students in the Mainland and Hong Kong of China. Conclusion The current study provided further psychometric evidence for the C-BREQ-2, which makes the further application and research of self-determination theory (SDT) based motivation in relation to exercise and physical activity in the Mainland of China context possible.

Publication Year

2015

Journal Title

Journal of Sport and Health Science

Volume number

4

Issue number

3

Publisher

Elsevier

First Page (page number)

228

Last Page (page number)

234

Referreed

1

DOI

10.1016/j.jshs.2014.03.017

ISSN (print)

20952546

Link to Publisher’s Edition

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2014.03.017

Keywords

Behavioral regulation, Chinese, Motivation, Reliability, Validity

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