Document Type

Journal Article

Department/ Unit

Department of Physical Education

Abstract

The current study presents the development process and initial validation of a measure designed for assessing psychological needs thwarting (frustration) in a secondary school physical education context (Psychological Needs Thwarting Scale in Physical Education, PNTSPE). Secondary school students (grades 7–9) from Hong Kong (N = 1258) were invited to participate in three studies. In Study 1, item generation and initial content validity of the PNTSPE were achieved. In Study 2, the factorial structure of the measure was tested using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. Internal consistency reliabilities of the subscales were also examined. In Study 3, the reliability and validity of the scores derived from the PNTSPE were further examined in an independent sample. Overall, the findings from the three studies provided initial psychometric evidence for the PNTSPE and suggested that the PNTSPE could be used as a valid and reliable measure to assess Hong Kong secondary school students’ psychological needs thwarting in physical education.

Publication Year

2015

Journal Title

Journal of Teaching in Physical Education

Volume number

34

Issue number

3

Publisher

Human Kinetics

First Page (page number)

402

Last Page (page number)

423

Referreed

1

DOI

10.1123/jtpe.2014-0053

ISSN (print)

02735024

Link to Publisher’s Edition

http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/jtpe.2014-0053

Copyright

Accepted author manuscript version reprinted, by permission, from Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 2015, 34 (3): 402-423, http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/jtpe.2014-0053. © Human Kinetics, Inc.

Keywords

needs thwarting, needs satisfaction, physical education, validity, reliability

ISSN (electronic)

15432769

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