Document Type

Journal Article

Department/ Unit

Department of Physical Education

Abstract

Background: A successful transition from late adolescence to adulthood is essential. Physical activity (PA) can support this process and lead to positive health outcomes. The change in PA from inactive to active stages is influenced by psychosocial correlates, and as such, this study tested the relationships among psychosocial correlates, stages of change for PA and health outcomes in university students from Hong Kong (n = 404) and Germany (n = 366). Methods: The questionnaire contained (1) PA and stages of change; (2) 10 psychosocial correlates including outcome expectations, affective attitude, barriers, self-efficacy, body-concept, plans, intrinsic motivation, activity emotions, assessment of activity situation, and social support; and (3) 5 health outcomes, including fitness, subjective well-being, health satisfaction, physical complaints, and BMI. Results: Barriers and intrinsic motivation were the critical psychosocial variables related to stages of change. Specific planning was more important for Hong Kong students’ stage progression within inactive stages. Competitive or enjoyable PA programs were more effective for male students moving from inactive to active stages. The link between stages of change for PA and health outcomes (ie, fitness, health satisfaction) was well established. Conclusion: Public health researchers should conduct effective psychosocial interventions that motivate young adults to engage in PA for positive health outcomes.

Publication Year

2015

Journal Title

Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Volume number

12

Issue number

11

Publisher

Human Kinetics

First Page (page number)

1461

Last Page (page number)

1468

Referreed

1

DOI

10.1123/jpah.2014-0389

ISSN (print)

15433080

Link to Publisher’s Edition

http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/jpah.2014-0389

Copyright

Accepted author manuscript version reprinted, by permission, from Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 2015, 12 (11): 1461-1468, http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/jpah.2014-0389. © Human Kinetics, Inc.

Keywords

health promotion, youth, exercise psychology, public health

ISSN (electronic)

15435474

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