Document Type

Journal Article

Department/Unit

Department of Physical Education

Abstract

This study (a) presented a structural model for examining how parents’ perceptions of their children’s competence, exercise benefits, exercise barriers and neighbourhood safety influenced parental support and their children’s physical activity (PA) and (b) examined the mediating effect of parental support on children’s PA. Parents of 478 children aged 6–9 years were recruited into the study. The parents were asked to complete a questionnaire assessing the aforementioned constructs and report their children’s PA outside school time over 7 days. Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) was applied to examine the relationship between parents’ perceptions and the reported PA of their children. The results revealed that (a) only parental support predicted children’s PA directly and (b) parents’ perceptions of their children’s competence and exercise benefits predicted parental support and, in turn, predicted children’s PA. PA interventions for Hong Kong children should emphasize increasing parental support in addition to enhancing parents’ confidence and ability to promote their children’s PA by providing positive feedback, acting as active role models and facilitating participation in PA. Additional studies are required to examine children’s PA from the perspective of parents.

Publication Year

2016

Journal Title

European Physical Education Review

Volume number

23

Issue number

2

Publisher

SAGE Publications

First Page (page number)

141

Last Page (page number)

156

Referreed

1

DOI

10.1177/1356336X16645235

ISSN (print)

1356336X

Link to Publisher’s Edition

http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1356336X16645235

Copyright

Ka-Man Leung, Pak-Kwong Chung, Seungmo Kim, Parental support of children’s physical activity in Hong Kong, European Physical Education Review (23.2) pp. 141-156. Copyright © 2016 (The Author(s)). Reprinted by permission of SAGE Publications.

Keywords

Exercise, parents’ perceptions, parent proxy report, PA, Chinese

ISSN (electronic)

17412749

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