Document Type

Journal Article

Department/Unit

Department of Physical Education

Abstract

Decentering, the ability to observe one's thoughts and feelings from a detached view, has gained increased attention in recent years. With this renewed interest comes a need for a reliable and valid tool to measure decentering in sport contexts. Therefore, in this multi-study paper we report the development and initial validation of a sport-specific self-report measure of decentering, the Decentering Scale for Sport (DSS). Based on an initial pool of context-specific items with acceptable content validity, a unidimensional decentering construct was confirmed in four independent athletic samples (n = 1255). Satisfactory internal consistency reliability and partial measurement invariance across gender and sport type was demonstrated. Convergent and concurrent validity of the DSS was established by showing positive and medium to large associations with mindfulness, well-being, flow, vitality, enjoyment and positive affect, and negative and medium to large associations with cognitive fusion, experiential avoidance, anxiety and negative affect. Discriminant validity of decentering with mindfulness and self-compassion was also established. Findings suggest that the DSS is a reliable and valid measure of decentering in sport contexts, and can be applied in future research and applied practice to measure decentering.

Publication Year

2016

Journal Title

Psychology of Sport and Exercise

Volume number

24

Publisher

Elsevier

First Page (page number)

147

Last Page (page number)

158

Referreed

1

DOI

10.1016/j.psychsport.2016.02.006

ISSN (print)

14690292

Link to Publisher’s Edition

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2016.02.006

Copyright

© 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Keywords

Athlete, Cognitive defusion, Decentering, Factor analysis, Re-perceiving, Scale development

ISSN (electronic)

18785476

Available for download on Friday, June 01, 2018

Additional Files

JA-4879-28925_suppl.docx (18 kB)

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