Document Type

Journal Article

Department/Unit

Department of Physics; Institute of Advanced Material

Abstract

The effects of a solvent additive, 1,8-diiodooctane (DIO), on both hole and electron transport are investigated in a state-of-the-art bulk-heterojunction (BHJ) system, namely PTB7:PC71BM. For a polymer:fullerene weight ratio of 1:1.5, the electron mobility in the blend film increases by two orders of magnitude with the DIO concentration while almost no change is found in the hole mobility. For lower DIO concentrations, the electron mobility is suppressed because of large, but poorly connected PC71BM domains. For higher concentrations of DIO, the electron mobility is improved progressively and the hole mobility becomes the limiting factor. Between 1 and 5 vol%, the electron and hole mobilities are balanced. Using the Gaussian disorder model (GDM), we found that the DIO concentration modifies fundamentally the average hopping distances of the electrons. In addition, there exist alternative donor–acceptor ratios to achieve optimized PTB7:PC71BM based solar cells. It is demonstrated that the fullerene content of the BHJ film can be significantly reduced from 1:1.5 to 1:1 while the optimized performance can still be preserved.

Publication Year

2015

Journal Title

Advanced Materials Interfaces

Volume number

2

Issue number

12

Publisher

Wiley

First Page (page number)

1500166

Referreed

1

Funder

Support for this work under the Research Grant Council of Hong Kong under Grant No. HKBU211412 was gratefully acknowledged. This work is also partially supported by the Research Grant Council of Hong Kong under Project No. T23-713/11.

DOI

10.1002/admi.201500166

Link to Publisher’s Edition

http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/admi.201500166

Copyright

This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Ho, Carr Hoi Yi, Qi Dong, Hang Yin, Winky Wing Ki Leung, Qingdan Yang, Harrison Ka Hin Lee, Sai Wing Tsang, and Shu Kong So. "Impact of solvent additive on carrier transport in polymer: Fullerene bulk heterojunction photovoltaic cells." Advanced Materials Interfaces 2.12 (2015):1500166, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/admi.201500166. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.

Keywords

admittance spectroscopy, bulk heterojunction, carrier transport, photovoltaics, solvent additives

ISSN (electronic)

21967350

Included in

Physics Commons

Share

COinS