Document Type

Journal Article

Department/Unit

Department of Religion and Philosophy

Title

Weapons are nothing but ominous instruments: The Daodejing's view on war and peace

Abstract

The Daodejing (DDJ) is an ancient Chinese text traditionally taken as a representative Daoist classic expressing a distinctive philosophy from the Warring States Period (403–221 BCE). This essay explicates the ethical dimensions of the DDJ paying attention to issues related to war and peace. The discussion consists of four parts: (1) “naturalness” as an onto-cosmological argument for a philosophy of harmony, balance, and peace; (2) war as a sign of the disruption of the natural pattern of things initiated by the proliferation of desire; (3) defensive war and appropriate war conduct required when one has to be involved in warfare; and (4) the natural and spontaneous way of living that would prevent war from happening in the first place. This essay attempts to show that what makes the DDJ different from other military texts, or what is called the “art of war corpus” in China is that the discourse of war and warfare in the DDJ is presented via its unique understanding of peace at the personal and social levels. The DDJ is meant to be an inquiry into an effective method to prevent war from happening amid a world full of selfish interests and excessive desires. It proposes that peace is not only a condition in which there is freedom from war and overt violence, but a state of harmony that marks human life and its betterment.

Publication Year

2012

Journal Title

Journal of Religious Ethics

Volume number

40

Issue number

3

Publisher

Wiley

First Page (page number)

473

Last Page (page number)

502

Referreed

1

DOI

10.1111/j.1467-9795.2012.00532.x

ISSN (print)

03849694

ISSN (electronic)

14679795

Link to Publisher’s Edition

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9795.2012.00532.x

Keywords

Daodejing, dao, naturalness, harmony, peace, war, ethics of war

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