Document Type

Journal Article

Department/ Unit

School of Chinese Medicine

Abstract

© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Objectives: The present study was into whether or not mindfulness training, based on the mindfulness-acceptance-commitment approach (MAC), can improve beginners' skill acquisition of dart throwing. Design: Randomised controlled trial. Methods: A total of 43 first-year college students who had not played darts professionally prior to the study were randomly assigned to either an attention control group (n = 21) or a mindfulness training group (n = 22) during an eight-week dart training program. Dart throwing and psychological variables were assessed at pre-intervention, post-intervention, and two-week follow-up. Results: Two-way repeated measures ANOVA revealed that the mindfulness group, but not the attention control group had significant improvements in mindfulness, experiential acceptance, and flow at post-intervention and follow-up. Although both groups improved dart throwing performance after the intervention, the improvement of the mindfulness group was statistically higher in comparison to that of the attention control group. Conclusions: It was concluded that the MAC approach could improve the performance and adaptive sport experience of beginners in dart throwing.

Publication Year

2016

Journal Title

Psychology of Sport and Exercise

Issue number

22

Publisher

Elsevier

First Page (page number)

279

Last Page (page number)

285

Referreed

1

DOI

10.1016/j.psychsport.2015.09.005

ISSN (print)

14690292

Keywords

Experiential acceptance, Flow, Mindfulness intervention, Motor skill learning, Sport performance

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