Department of Chemistry
A luminescent cocaine detection platform using a split G-quadruplex-selective iridium(III) complex and a three-way DNA junction architecture
In this study, a series of 10 in-house cyclometalated iridium(III) complexes bearing different auxiliary ligands were tested for their selectivity toward split G-quadruplex in order to construct a label-free switch-on cocaine detection platform employing a three-way junction architecture and a G-quadruplex motif as a signal output unit. Through two rounds of screening, we discovered that the iridium(III) complex 7 exhibited excellent selectivity toward the intermolecular G-quadruplex motif. A detection limit as low as 30 nM for cocaine can be achieved by this sensing approach with a linear relationship between luminescence intensity and cocaine concentration established from 30 to 300 nM. Furthermore, this sensing approach could detect cocaine in diluted oral fluid. We hope that our simple, signal-on, label-free oligonucleotide-based sensing method for cocaine using a three-way DNA junction architecture could act as a useful platform in bioanalytical research.
cocaine, G-quadruplex, iridium(III) complex, label-free, three-way junction
Source Publication Title
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
American Chemical Society
Link to Publisher's Edition
Ma, Dik Lung, Modi Wang, Bingyong He, Chao Yang, Wanhe Wang, and Chung-Hang Leung. "A luminescent cocaine detection platform using a split G-quadruplex-selective iridium(III) complex and a three-way DNA junction architecture." ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces 7.34 (2015): 19060-19067.