Year of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Philosophy (MPhil)



Principal Supervisor



孫樵 進士 855










The main focus of the C1assica1 Prose Movement of the Tang and Song dynasties was on the reform of writing sty1e. In previous scho1arship on this Movement, however, attention was given main1y to the Mid Tang and the Northern Song, whi1e the Late Tang remained unheeded. For this reason, the present thesis attempts to fill this 1acuna by conducting a comprehensive study of the life and works of Sun Qiao (1ate ninth century), aiming to give an objective eva1uation to his p1ace in the history of Chinese 1iterature.

Sun Qiao was among the writers par excellence of the 1ate Tang period, but, in the scanty scho1arship on him, critics had different views. Compared to the classica1 prose writers of the same time, Sun Qiao was more conscious in inheriting the fine 1egacy of Han Yu (786-824) and Liu Zhongyuan (773-819). In addition to proud1y claiming himse1f as a third-generation discip1e of Han Yu, Sun conscious1y promoted the 1iterary tradition of the mid Tang, both in theory and in practice. His prose forms include those of the Classica1 Prose Movement, covering various aspects of peop1e's 1ife of his time. His writings represent the achievement of C1assica1 Prose Movement of the 1ate Tang.

This thesis is comprised of five chapters. The first and fina1 chapters are respective1y “Introduction" and “Conclusion." Chapters Two and Three are comprehensive discussion of Sun Qiao' s classica1 prose theory, which may be divided into two systems, name1y “advocacy of rea1ism" (shang shi尚實) and "advocacy of grotesque" (shang qi尚奇 ) . The former stemmed from historiographica1 thought and the 1atter from grotesque aesthetics. The discussion focuses on their theoretica1 backgrounds, core ideas, and how they are used in his writing.

Chapters Four dea1s with issues concerning 1iterary genres. It discusses how Sun Qiao inherited 1iterary traditions from Han Yu and Liu Zhongyuan, and evaluates Sun's own innovation.

In addition to ana1yzing Sun Qiao' s classica1 prose, this thesis a1so aims to solve some prob1ems re1ated to mid to 1ate Tang classica1 prose. The findings will be my own reflection on the unique contribution made by the Late Tang C1assica1 Prose Movement and its p1ace in the history of Chinese 1iterature.


論文(哲學碩士)--香港浸會大學, 2014.;指導老師: 葛曉音教授, 吳淑鈿教授.;Includes bibliographical references (leaves 145-154)


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