Year of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Department of Chemistry.
Leung, Ken Cham-fai
molecular switching ; Rotaxanes ; Catalysis ; Macromolecules
Type III-B rotaxane dendrimers (T3B-RDs) are hyperbranched macromolecules with mechanical bonds on every branching unit. First to third (G1-G3), and up to the fourth (G4) generation (MW>22,000 Da) of pure organic T3B-RDs and dendrons were successfully synthesized through the copper catalyzed alkyne-azide cycloaddition (CuAAC) reaction. By utilizing multiple molecular shuttling of the mechanical bonds within the sphere-like macromolecule, a collective three-dimensional contract-extend molecular motion was demonstrated by diffusion ordered spectroscopy (DOSY). The discrete T3B-RDs were further observed and characterized by atomic force microscopy (AFM), dynamic light scattering (DLS), and mass spectrometry (MS). The binding of chlorambucil and pH-triggered switching of the T3B-RDs were also characterized by 1H NMR spectroscopy.;Type III-C rotaxane dendrimer is a new type of rotaxane dendrimer where in the mechanical bonds are in between and constituing the branchning point to form the macromolecules. First and second (G1-G2) type III-C rotaxane dendrimers were synthesized successfully as a prototypical example. Two different shuttling processes have been deomostrated by the non-methylated and methylated type III-C rotaxane dendrimers, and characterized by 1H NMR spectroscopy.
Includes bibliographical references.
Kwan, Chak Shing, "Utilization of molecular switching in rotaxane for manipulating organocatalysis and macromolecular size" (2018). Open Access Theses and Dissertations. 536.
Available for download on Friday, November 06, 2020
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