Year of Award

7-14-2020

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)

Department

Department of English Language and Literature

Principal Supervisor

Wong, Janice

Keywords

Mandarin dialects ; Study and teaching ; China ; Hong Kong ; Language and education ; Language policy

Language

English

Abstract

The current study aims to explore how PMI instruction and other psycholinguistic and sociolinguistic factors that might affect the production of Mandarin consonants by Cantonese speakers in Hong Kong. A total of 63 participants were invited to participate in a Mandarin consonant production test in which they had to pronounce words starting with these three pairs of Mandarin consonants /ts/-/tʂ/, /tsh /-/tʂh / and /s/-/ʂ/. 6 participants were invited to a post-experiment interview. Results of the Mandarin production tests showed that secondary school students who had completed PMI instruction had the highest Mandarin production score. However, no significance could be found between the use of PMI instruction and the production of Mandarin consonants by Cantonese speakers in Hong Kong. Results of the interview showed that age, length of exposure to Mandarin, instrumental motivation were the factors that led to a higher accuracy in Mandarin production whilst a lack of motivation, low social acceptance towards Mandarin, high social distance towards mainland China and political factors are the factors that led to a lower accuracy in Mandarin production. To improve Cantonese speakers' Mandarin consonant production accuracy, the government should introduce Mandarin to the curriculum starting from kindergartens and improve the image of Mandarin among Hong Kong people.

Comments

Principal supervisor: Dr. Janice Wong ; Thesis submitted to the Department of English Language and Literature

Bibliography

Includes bibliographical references (pages 81-84)



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