Author

Joshua Lai

Year of Award

10-29-2020

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Philosophy (MPhil)

Department

Department of Chemistry

Principal Supervisor

Leung, Ken C. F.

Keywords

Inorganic compounds ; Synthesis ; Azo dyes ; Metallic oxides ; Colloidal crystals ; Photodegradation ; Photocatalysis

Language

English

Abstract

Inorganic colloidal synthesis, without a doubt, lies at the foundation of many contemporary areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology. At the advent of the 21st century, much progress has been made in the size, shape / morphological control and surface engineering of metal oxides resulting in a diverse library of macroscopic crystal architectures with well-defined surface properties. In this thesis, we start by introducing the self-assembly of the iron(oxy-, hydro-)xide while briefly reviewing some fundamental concepts of solid-state chemistry. Specific information on the family of iron oxide and iron(oxy-, hydro-)xide, as relevant to crystalline phase control, has been highlighted to direct our discussion of the synthesis of diverse crystal morphologies. Furthermore, we briefly underline and discuss the kinetic and thermodynamic control of colloidal crystal morphologies through reasonably established knowledge of anisotropic growth rates in the perspective of iron oxides' facets or crystalline planes. Lastly, we review the state-of-the-art wet chemical synthetic approaches, while using different iron(oxy-, hydro-)xide crystals as examples, for the purpose of explaining our synthetic work of choice. The main work of this thesis is entirely focused on the "facile synthesis and fine morphological tuning of branched hematite (??-Fe2O3) crystals for photodegradation of azo-type dyes".. We would discuss the crucial parameters for fine morphological tuning in the context of controlling the anisotropic growth rates of branched ??-Fe2O3 crystals instead of phase transformation. In our work, we have significantly improved the synthesis of dendritic "feather-like" and "starfish-like" for their size reduced variants for use in photocatalysis.

Comments

Principal supervisor: Dr. Leung Ken C. F.

Bibliography

Includes bibliographical references (pages 61-65)



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