Department of Biology
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) suppresses spheroids attachment on endometrial epithelial cells through the down-regulation of the Wnt-signaling pathway
The environmental toxicant 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) affects embryo development, implantation and fertility in humans. The underlying molecular mechanism by which TCDD suppresses implantation remains largely unknown. We used the trophoblastic spheroids (embryo surrogate)-endometrial cells co-culture assay to study the attachment of trophoblastic spheroids (BeWo and Jeg-3) onto the endometrial epithelial (RL95-2 and Ishikawa) cells. TCDD dose-dependently induced cytochrome P450 1A1 (Cyp1A1) expression in trophoblastic and endometrial epithelial cells. Moreover, TCDD at 1 and 10. nM suppressed β-catenin (a Wnt-signaling molecule) and E-cadherin expression, as well as spheroids attachment onto endometrial cells. Interestingly, activation of the canonical Wnt-signaling pathway via Wnt3a or lithium chloride reverted the suppressive effect of TCDD on β-catenin and E-cadherin expressions in the BeWo and RL95-2 cells, and restored the spheroids attachment rate to be comparable to the untreated controls. Taken together, TCDD induces Cyp1A1 expression, modulates the Wnt-signaling pathway and suppresses spheroids attachment onto endometrial cells. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.
Attachment, Canonical Wnt-signaling, Endometrium, Implantation, Spheroids, TCDD
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Tsang, H., Cheung, T., Kodithuwakku, S., Chai, J., Yeung, W., Wong, C., & Lee, K. (2012). 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) suppresses spheroids attachment on endometrial epithelial cells through the down-regulation of the Wnt-signaling pathway. Reproductive Toxicology, 33 (1), 60-66. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.reprotox.2011.11.002